If you have already visited the Google home page today you would have noticed there is a colorful new Google Doodle. The search engine giant quite often celebrates important events or birthdays from people in history. Today’s Google Doodle is celebrating Albert Szent-Gyorgyi who discovered vitamin C and its benefits.
Today would have been Albert Szent-Gyorgyi’s 118th birthday, and the Hungarian born scientist was most famous for discovering vitamin C and the reactions of the citric acid cycle. In 1937 he was awarded the illustrious Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine.
He was also achieved the Cameron Prize in 1946 and the Lasker Award in 1954, and was a visiting professor at Harvard. It wasn’t only his scientific achievements that won him acclaim as he won the Silver Medal of Valor for his service during World War I. But in 1916 he had enough of the war and shot himself in the arm blaming enemy fire.
This enabled him to return home and complete his medical studies and receive his MD in 1917, and married his wife Kornelia Demeny the same year. He then moved to an army clinic in northern Italy. In 1938 he found that muscles contain actin that when combined with the protein myosin and ATP, muscle fibers would contract.
He helped his Jewish friends escape the out of control politics in Hungary, and during World War II joined the Hungarian resistance movement. In 1944 he was sent by the Hungarian prime minister to Cairo for secret negotiations with the allies. His plot was discovered and Adolf Hitler issued a warrant for his arrest. He managed to escape and spent the time between 1944 and 1945 as a fugitive from the Nazi’s.
By 1947 he had become tired of the Communist rule in his home country so moved to the US, where in 1986 he passed away in Massachusetts, at the age of 93. Head over Wikipedia to find out more about the life of Albert Szent-Gyorgyi.